Growing Tobacco

Growing Tobacco

The following passage is mainly for Cuban cigars, but the process is, broadly speaking, comparable elsewhere.
Cigars are a natural product; the standard of a cigar is directly related to the type and quality of leaves used in its construction, just as the quality of wine depends upon the sort and high quality of grapes used.

Tobacco seedbeds have to be in flat fields, so that the seeds aren't washed away. After being planted, the seedlings are covered with material or straw to shade them from the sun. This protecting is gradually eliminated as they begin to germinate, and after round 35 days (during which the seedling might be sprayed with pesticides), they're transplanted, often in the second half of October, into the tobacco fields proper. The leaves are watered each by rain and the morning dew, and irrigated from below.

The buy tobacco seeds in Australia plant is considered in three parts: the top (or corona), the center, and the bottom. Because the leaves develop, buds appear. These must be removed by hand to forestall them from stunting leaf and plant growth. The quality of wrapper leaf is essential in any cigar. Plants called Corojos, specifically designated to provide wrapper leaves for the very best cigars, are at all times grown below gauze sheets held up by tall wooden poles. They stop the leaves from becoming too thick in a protective response to sunlight. The approach, called tapado (protecting), additionally helps them to remain smooth.

When harvesting time arrives, leaves are eliminated by hand utilizing a single movement. Those selected as wrappers are put in bundles of 5, a manojo, or hand. The leaves are picked in six phases: libra de pie (on the base), uno y medio (one-and-a-half), centro ligero (light heart), centro fino (skinny heart), centro gordo (thick middle), and corona (crown). The libra de pie section is not used for wrappers. Every week passes between each phase. The finest leaves found in the midst of the plant; the top leaves (corona) are normally too oily to be used for wrappers, except for domestic consumption, and are often used as binder leaves. The entire cycle, from transplanted seedlings to the tip of harvesting takes some a hundred and twenty days, with every plant being visited a mean of 170 times making it a very labor-intensive process.

Wrapper leaves grown beneath cowl are classified by color as ligero (light), seco (dry), viso (glossy), amarillo (yellow), medio tiempo (half texture), and quebrado (broken), whereas these grown underneath the sun are divided into volado, seco, ligero, and medio tiempo. The ligero leaves from the top of the plant have a really robust flavor, the seco from the middle are much lighter, and the volado leaves from the bottom are used to add bulk and for their burning qualities. The artwork of constructing a very good cigar is to mix these, together with a suitable wrapper leaf, in such proportions as to present the eventual cigar a mild, medium, or full taste, and to make sure that it burns well. The leaves are also classified by measurement (giant, average, small) and by bodily condition (unhealthy or broken leaves are used for cigarettes or machine-made cigars). If all the leaves are good, each wrapper plant can wrap 32 cigars. The situation and high quality of the wrapper leaf is essential to the enticing appearance of a cigar, as well as its aroma.

The bundles of leaves are then taken to a tobacco barn on the vega, or plantation, to be cured. The barns face west in order that the sun heats one end in the morning and the opposite within the late after-noon. The temperature and humidity in the barns is fastidiously managed, if mandatory by opening and shutting the doorways at each ends (often stored shut) to take account of modifications of temperature or rainfall.

Once the leaves attain the barn, they are strung up on poles, or cujes, using needle and thread. The poles, each holding around a hundred leaves, are hoisted up horizontally (their place high in the barn permits air to flow into), and the leaves left to dry for between forty five and 60 days, relying on the weather. During this time, the green chlorophyll within the leaves turns to brown carotene, giving them their attribute color. The poles are then taken down, the threads minimize, and the leaves stacked into bundles in line with type.